writer Pantser or plotter? Do you write by the seat of the pants or from an outline? You need to do both. Here’s why.

The process of writing a book manuscript requires both kinds of writing. Intense periods of writing uninterrupted in a generative flow experience and critical reflection on the narration as narrative. After some time and distance between you and your copy has passed, short bursts of structural analysis can advance the story. And that’s more important than your word count. You need to put in the butt-time on the manuscript but without concern for the reader’s comprehension the writer produces pages without them readied for publication. Spending time creating a multi-tiered outline of major (plot) points can help your organize but it isn’t a substitute for writing. And remember readers don’t enjoy PowerPoint presentations in print. Often times the structure emerges from the creative writing process.

reading-glassesThe question isn’t whether you’re a panster or a plotter. It’s whether you are doing both. Back and forth, a book goes through an iterative process of writing and rewriting. And you will reach points where you can’t see your work clearly. Sometimes you have not written what you think you have and it takes a reader to tell you something is not coming through clearly. You tweak it in so many tiny ways that reading it yet again is pointless. You can’t see the problems.

Meta-writing exercises help you recognize and build on the story’s structure, its internal architecture. Here are some of the methods I recommend to help authors figure out their story arc.

writing-923882__180(1)  Story map – Make a list of your characters. Identify setting, POV, central challenge/conflict/problem, themes, diagram plot along Aristotelian arc

(2)  Timelines – Create chronology of beginning and end points to the narrative and major events by date/time/place including characters’ storylines.

(3)  Themes – Identify the themes which give your work universal appeal and develop each theme as a storyline.

sketch-681695__180(4)  Character Sketches – For each major character, write or draw a portrait of the person. When do they appear in the story? What do they contribute to the plot? What themes or values are embodied in their character? What are their motives? How do they relate to the other characters? What do they look like, talk like, smell like, etc.? Create personality profiles for the major characters in your narrative and drop details from your sketches into the narrative each time the character appears.

(5)  Question Analysis – Begin by making a list of the central questions your book will answer for readers. Identify questions you need to answer before you can find answers to the larger questions. Organize information around the questions it answers.

(6)  Setting Sketches or Maps – In fiction this is called “world-building.” In film this is called “storyboarding.” Create a description of the physical locations of the major scenes in the narrative.

If you’d like help finding your narrative arc, contact Jill Swenson today.

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Other Publications by author-clients of Swenson Book Development LLC

Linda J. Spielman
Countryman Press, July 2017

Carolyn Porter
Skyhorse Publishing, June 2017

Laurel Guy
Schiffer Publications, December 2016

Ira Rabois
Rowman & Littlefield, November 2016

Rob Lloyd and Mauro Marinelli
Kehrer Verlag, October 2016

Elizabeth Rynecki
NAL/Berkley (Penguin Random House), September 2016

Elaine Mansfield
Larson Publications, Fall 2014